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background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">攚w©å¼€æ”‘Ö››åå¹´æ¥ï¼Œæˆ‘国工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†èµ°å‡ºä¼ ç»Ÿçš„模式,按照基本å»ø™®¾çš„客观规律,逐步实现™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†çš„科学化和现代化åQŒäؓ½C¾ä¼šä¸ÖM¹‰å»ø™®¾äº‹ä¸šå’Œèµ°å‘国际工½E‹å¾è®‘Ö¸‚场做å‡ÞZº†è´¡çŒ®ã€å¥ å®šäº†åŸºç¡€ã€‚在新åŞ势下åQŒå›ž™å‘ÖŽ†åÔŒ¼Œæ€È»“¾léªŒåQŒé«˜è´¨é‡å‘展工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡æ˜¯æ–°æ—¶ä»£èµ‹äºˆæˆ‘们的历史ä‹É命ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">一、我国工½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡çš„历史沉K©</strong></span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">æ–îC¸­å›½æˆç«‹ä»¥æ¥ï¼Œæˆ‘国基本å»ø™®¾™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†çš„组¾l‡åŞ式经˜q‡å¤š‹Æ¡å˜åŒ–,主要有:恢复å»ø™®¾æ—¶æœŸå•ä½è‡ªè¥æ¨¡å¼ã€â€œä¸€äº””时期的å»ø™®¾å•ä½è´Ÿè´£åˆ¶ã€â€œäºŒäº””时期投资大包干形式下的½Ž¡ç†¾l„织模式、“三五”时期以来一直到攚w©å¼€æ”‘Ö‰åŽé‡‡ç”¨æŒ‡æŒ¥éƒ¨ä¸Žç­¹å»ºå¤„的模式等。实践证明,上述几种™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†çš„组¾l‡åŞ式都有各自的优势åQŒåœ¨ä¸åŒæ—¶æœŸæ›¾è“v了积极的作用åQŒä½†ä¹Ÿä¸åŒç¨‹åº¦åœ°å­˜åœ¨ä¸€äº›ç¼ºé™øP¼Œå½’纳èµäh¥ä¸»è¦æœ‰ä¸¤ä¸ªæ–¹é¢ï¼šä¸€æ˜¯è¿™äº›å•ä½ä¸æ˜¯ç‹¬ç«‹çš„¾lè¥å•ä½åQŒè´£æƒåˆ©ä¸ç»Ÿä¸€åQŒä“Q意提高徏设标准、扩大徏设规模、敞口花é’Þqš„們֐‘得不到制¾U¦ï¼›äºŒæ˜¯˜q™ç§ä¸´æ—¶æ€§æœºæž„技术、管理水òq³ä½ŽåQŒä¸èƒ½ç§¯ç´¯ç»éªŒï¼ŒåŸ¹å…»äººæ‰åQŒéš¾ä»¥å®žçŽ°é«˜æ°´åã^、高质量的徏设ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">党的十一届三中全会以后,针对基本å»ø™®¾å·¥ä½œä¸­é•¿æœŸå­˜åœ¨çš„“投资无底洞、工期马拉松”等问题åQŒæˆ‘国对基本å»ø™®¾½Ž¡ç†ä½“制˜q›è¡Œäº†ä¸€¾pÕdˆ—探烦和改革,其中之一ž®±æ˜¯æ”šw©å·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†ä½“制åQŒç»„建工½E‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸ï¼ŒåŠ å¼º™å¹ç›®å‰æœŸå·¥ä½œåQŒç§‘学地¾~–制预可研和可研报告åQŒæŠŠ™å¹ç›®çš„可行性研½I¶çº³å…¥åŸºæœ¬å¾è®„¡¨‹åºã€‚进入九十年代以来,随着å»ø™®¾™å¹ç›®æ—¥è¶‹å¤§åž‹åŒ–、复杂化åQŒè¶Šæ¥è¶Šå¤šçš„å»ø™®¾å•ä½æˆ–业主自íw«å·²æ— åŠ›˜q›è¡Œ™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†åQŒéœ€è¦æœ‰¾léªŒçš„专门组¾l‡äؓ其提供咨询服务,工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å…¬å¸ä½œäؓ新兴的市åœÞZ¸»ä½“应时而生åQŒä¸Žå·¥ç¨‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸ã€å·¥½E‹å…¬åæ€¸€èµähˆä¸ºå·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†ä½“制中不可或缺的重要组成部分ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1981 òq?5 月,原国家徏委发布了《关于试办工½E‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸çš„通知》,随后各部委在隶属的设计单位和规划单位相ç‘ô建立了咨询公司,è‡?1982 òq?12 月原国家计委¾l„徏中国国际工程咨询公司后,各省市也先后成立了由计委归口½Ž¡ç†çš„å·¥½E‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸ã€‚中国真正意义的工程咨询业得以萌生,çŽîC»£å·¥ç¨‹å’¨è¯¢çš„理念开始得åˆîC¼ æ’­ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1992 òq?12 月,中国工程咨询协会成立åQŒå„省、自æ²ÕdŒºã€ç›´è¾–市成立了地区工½E‹å’¨è¯¢åä¼šï¼Œå½¢æˆäº†å…¨å›½å·¥½E‹å’¨è¯¢è¡Œä¸šç»„¾l‡ç½‘¾lœã€?996 òq´åä¼šè¢«æŽ¥çº³ä¸ºå›½é™…咨询工½E‹å¸ˆè”合会(FIDICåQ‰æ­£å¼ä¼šå‘˜ï¼›æ˜¯äºšå¤ªåœ°åŒºå·¥½E‹æŠ€æœ¯å’¨è¯¢å‘展计划组¾l‡ï¼ˆTCDPAPåQ‰æ­£å¼æˆå‘˜ï¼ŒçŽîC“Q该组¾l‡æœ¬å±Šä¸»å¸­ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1994 òq?4 月,原国家计委颁布了《工½E‹å’¨è¯¢ä¸š½Ž¡ç†æš‚行办法》,ž®†å·¥½E‹è®¾è®¡ã€æ–½å·¥ç›‘理纳入了工程咨询业的范畴。随后,¾lè¿‡å‡ å¹´çš„发展,关于工程咨询业,在我国徏设行业基本åŞ成了与国际上ç›æ€¸€è‡´çš„å…Þp¯†åQŒå³å·¥ç¨‹å’¨è¯¢ä¸šæ˜¯ä¸ºå·¥½E‹å¾è®„¡š„决策与实施提供规划、选址、可行性研½I¶ã€èžèµ„和招投标咨询、基¼‹€å·¥ç¨‹è®¾è®¡ã€è¯¦¾l†å·¥½E‹è®¾è®¡ç®¡ç†ã€é‡‡è´­ç®¡ç†ã€æ–½å·¥ç›‘理和投äñ”后评ä»ïL­‰å…¨è¿‡½E‹æœåŠ¡çš„行业。业丅R€å’¨è¯¢å•†ã€æ‰¿åŒ…商在工½E‹å¾è®¾è¿‡½E‹ä¸­æ˜¯åã^½{‰çš„三方ä¸ÖM½“ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2002 òq?4 月,“中国(首届åQ‰é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å›½é™…研讨会”在北京召开åQŒç”±å›½å®¶¾lèåN委、中国科学院、国家外国专家局、联合国工业发展¾l„织联合ä¸ÕdŠžåQŒç”±¾ŸŽå›½™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†åä¼šã€å›½é™…项目管理协会等国际¾l„织为顾问单位,有众多国内外机构和专家等数百人参会,òq¶å‡ºç‰ˆäº†ã€Šä¸­å›½ï¼ˆé¦–届åQ‰é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å›½é™…研讨会论文集》,100 多篇中外论文分别寚w¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†çš„理论、方法、工具和™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†çš„应用与¾léªŒåšäº†å……分è®ø™¿°åQŒå¯¹æé«˜æˆ‘国的项目管理水òq›_ƈ促进其与国际接轨åQŒå…·æœ‰é‡è¦æ„ä¹‰ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2002 òq?6 月,中国勘察设计协会å»ø™®¾™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’Œå·¥½E‹æ€ÀL‰¿åŒ…分会开始在工程勘察设计行业开展优¿U€å·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’Œä¼˜¿U€å·¥ç¨‹æ€ÀL‰¿åŒ…项目评选,每两òq´å¼€å±•ä¸€‹Æ¡ï¼Œå…Þp¯„选出获奖™å¹ç›® 435 ™å¹ï¼Œå…¶ä¸­ä¼˜ç§€å·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç† 75 ™å¹ï¼›ä¼˜ç§€å·¥ç¨‹æ€ÀL‰¿åŒ…项ç›?360 ™å¹ï¼Œå¯ÒŽé«˜å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†æ°´òq›_’Œå·¥ç¨‹å»ø™®¾è´¨é‡èµ·äº†é‡è¦çš„促˜q›ä½œç”¨ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2003 òq?2 月,原徏è®ùNƒ¨ã€Šå…³äºŽåŸ¹è‚²å‘展工½E‹æ€ÀL‰¿åŒ…和工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†ä¼ä¸šçš„指导意见》,对全面推行工½E‹æ€ÀL‰¿åŒ…和工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†æœåŠ¡æä¾›äº†æœ‰åŠ›çš„政策支持åQŒå¼€è¾Ÿäº†òq‰K˜”前景ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2007 òq?8 月,“全国工½E‹å’¨è¯¢è®¾è®¡è¡Œä¸šå‘展高峰论坛”在北京召开。国家发改委、原å»ø™®¾éƒ¨ã€å•†åŠ¡éƒ¨çš„领导及工程咨询设计行业的代表近 300 人出席论坛,国家主要领导äºÞZؓ会议题词åQŒå›½åŠ¡é™¢é¢†å¯¼åœ¨ä¼šä¸Šä½œäº†é‡è¦è®²è¯ã€‚论坛围¾l•â€œå’¨è¯¢å‘展、设计未来”的主题åQŒåŒ…括“改革开æ”䏀â€œç§‘学决½{–”“创新发展”三个板块的专题演讲åQŒåƈ出版了《全国工½E‹å’¨è¯¢è®¾è®¡è¡Œä¸šå‘展高峰论坛文集》,对促˜q›å·¥½E‹å’¨è¯¢ä¸šçš„发展è“v了积极推动作用ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2017 òq?2 月,国务院办公厅发布《关于促˜q›å¾½{‘业持箋健康发展的意见》,提出“加快推行工½E‹æ€ÀL‰¿åŒ…”和“培育全˜q‡ç¨‹å·¥ç¨‹å’¨è¯¢â€ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2019 òq?3 月,国家发改委和住房城乡å»ø™®¾éƒ¨å‘布《关于推˜q›å…¨˜q‡ç¨‹å·¥ç¨‹å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡å‘展的指导意见》,明确要求在房屋徏½{‘和市政基础设施领域推进全过½E‹å·¥½E‹å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡ï¼Œä¸ºæ·±åŒ–投融资体制攚w©åQŒæå‡å›ºå®šèµ„产投资决½{–科学化水åã^åQŒè¿›ä¸€æ­¥å®Œå–„å·¥½E‹å¾è®„¡»„¾l‡æ¨¡å¼ï¼Œæé«˜æŠ•èµ„效益、工½E‹å¾è®¾è´¨é‡å’Œ˜qè¥æ•ˆçŽ‡åQŒå…·æœ‰å¾ˆå¥½çš„促进作用ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">在国务院有关部门大力推动下,在工½E‹å¾è®ùN¢†åŸŸå¹¿å¤§èŒå·¥çš„共同努力下,工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡åœ¨å…¨å›½å·¥½E‹å¾è®¾ä¸­å·²å¹¿æ³›æŽ¨è¡Œã€‚我国工½E‹å‹˜å¯Ÿè®¾è®¡è¡Œä¸šå®žè¡Œå…¨˜q‡ç¨‹å·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡ã€åˆ›å»ºå›½é™…型工程公司、工½E‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸å’Œå·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å…¬å¸çš„改革取得了很大成ç‡WåQŒåŒ–工和矛_Œ–行业更是走在前面åQŒå…·æœ‰å¼•é¢†ä½œç”¨ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†ä½“制攚w©è™½å·²åœ¨æˆ‘国走˜q‡äº† 40 òq´çš„探烦、发展之路,但在认识和实践上˜q˜æœ‰ä¸å°‘问题åQŒå¾è®‘Ö¸‚场发育有待健全,全过½E‹å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡åƈ未被å»ø™®¾å¸‚场完全认可åQŒä»Žäº‹å…¨˜q‡ç¨‹å·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡çš„主体机构即工程咨询公司、工½E‹å…¬å¸æˆ–工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å…¬å¸èƒ½åŠ›ä¸å¼ºåQŒç®¡ç†æ°´òqŒ™¾ƒä½Žç­‰½{‰ï¼Œ˜q™äº›éƒ½æœ‰å¾…于通过˜q›ä¸€æ­¥æ·±åŒ–改革,使我国的工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†ä½“制得以不断完善ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: 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"Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">å»ø™®¾™å¹ç›®çš„实施是一个复杂的¾pȝ»Ÿå·¥ç¨‹åQŒæœ‰å…¶å†…在的客观规律åQŒéœ€è¦é‡‡ç”¨ä¸Žä¹‹ç›¸é€‚应的管理模式和½Ž¡ç†æ–ÒŽ³•åŽÕd®žçŽ°ã€‚随着¿U‘学技术和å»ø™®¾äº‹ä¸šçš„不断发展,å»ø™®¾™å¹ç›®çš„规模越来越大,技术性、系¾lŸæ€§è¶Šæ¥è¶Šå¼ºï¼Œå¤æ‚½E‹åº¦­‘Šæ¥­‘Šé«˜ã€‚因此,国外业主åQŒä¸€èˆ¬éƒ½ä¸ç›´æŽ¥ç®¡ç†å¾è®ùN¡¹ç›®ï¼Œè€Œæ˜¯ç”׃¸“门从事工½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡çš„¾l„织来完成。这¿Uç»„¾l‡é€šå¸¸æ˜¯å·¥½E‹å…¬å¸å’Œå·¥ç¨‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸åQˆæˆ–工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å…¬å¸åQ‰ã€‚它们具有与工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡ç›¸åº”的机构、功能、程序、方法和技术,å…ähœ‰ç›¸åº”çš„äh才和¾léªŒåQŒèƒ½å¤Ÿå¸®åŠ©ä¸šä¸Õdœ¨™å¹ç›®å®šä¹‰ã€å¯è¡Œæ€§ç ”½I¶ã€å‰æœŸç­–划、融资方案、徏设方案以及勘察、设计、采购、施工、试˜qè¡Œ½{‰æ•´ä¸ªå®žæ–½è¿‡½E‹ä¸­æœ‰æ•ˆåœ°æŽ§åˆ¶å·¥½E‹è´¨é‡ã€è¿›åº¦å’Œè´¹ç”¨åQŒä¿è¯é¡¹ç›®çš„成功实施ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">国际上,工程™å¹ç›®å»ø™®¾ä¸€èˆ¬åˆ†ä¸ºé¡¹ç›®å®šä¹‰ã€é¡¹ç›®ç­–划、项目实施和™å¹ç›®æ€È»“四个阶段。现代咨询商的工作诏½I¿å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®å¾è®„¡š„各个阶段。在™å¹ç›®å®šä¹‰é˜¶æ®µåQŒäؓ业主提供规划研究、投资机会研½I¶ã€é¢„可行性研½I¶ã€åœºå€é€‰æ‹©ã€å¯è¡Œæ€§ç ”½I¶åŠæŠ€æœ¯ç»‹¹Žè¯„ä»ïL­‰åQ›åœ¨™å¹ç›®½{–划阶段åQŒäؓ业主¾~–制投融资方案、专利商的选定、工艺包和基¼‹€è®¾è®¡çš„审核,˜q›è¡Œå·¥ç¨‹å‹˜å¯Ÿ½Ž¡ç†ã€æå‡ºé¡¹ç›®å¾è®¾æ–¹æ¡ˆã€ç¼–刉™¡¹ç›®æ‹›æ ‡æ–‡ä»¶ç­‰åQ›é¡¹ç›®å®žæ–½é˜¶ŒDµååŠ©ä¸šä¸»é€‰å®šæ‰¿åŒ…商,òq¶ä»£è¡¨ä¸šä¸Õd¯¹æ‰¿åŒ…商的工作˜q›è¡Œ½Ž¡ç†åQŒåŒ…括详¾l†è®¾è®¡ã€è®¾å¤‡ææ–™é‡‡è´­ã€æ–½å·¥ã€ç«£å·¥æŠ•äº§ç­‰åQŒåŒæ—¶ååŠ©ä¸šä¸»è¿›è¡Œç”Ÿäº§å‡†å¤‡ï¼›™å¹ç›®æ€È»“阶段协助业主˜q›è¡Œ™å¹ç›®æ€È»“åQŒåƈ¾~–制™å¹ç›®åŽè¯„ä»ähŠ¥å‘Šã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å¯åˆ†ä¸ÞZ¸šä¸Èš„™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’Œæ‰¿åŒ…商的项目管理。咨询商受业ä¸Õd§”托进行的½Ž¡ç†å±žäºŽä¸šä¸»æ–šw¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†çš„范围。工½E‹å…¬å¸æˆ–工程咨询公司åQˆå·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å…¬å¸ï¼‰å—业ä¸Õd§”托,与业ä¸Èš„契约是咨询服务合同。工½E‹å…¬å¸æˆ–工程咨询公司åQˆå·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å…¬å¸ï¼‰å…ähœ‰å¾ˆå¼ºçš„å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡èƒ½åŠ›ï¼Œå®ƒèƒ½æœ‰æ•ˆåœ°å×I补业主项目管理知识与¾léªŒçš„不­‘»I¼Œä»£è¡¨ä¸šä¸»å±¥è¡Œå…¨è¿‡½E‹å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†èŒè´£ã€‚对大中型项目,国外业主一般不直接å¯ÀL‰¾æ‰¿åŒ…商,而是首先通过招标åQŒé€‰æ‹©æœ‰ç»éªŒã€æœ‰ç«žäº‰åŠ›çš„工程公司或工½E‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸ï¼ˆå·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å…¬å¸åQ‰ï¼Œä½œäؓ咨询商,再由咨询商代表业ä¸È»„¾l‡æ‹›æ ‡å’Œè¯„æ ‡åQŒæ‹©ä¼˜é€‰æ‹©æ‰¿åŒ…商,òq¶å¯¹å…¶è¿›è¡Œå…¨˜q‡ç¨‹½Ž¡ç†ã€‚承包商与业ä¸Èš„契约是工½E‹æ‰¿åŒ…合同,òq¶æŒ‰åˆåŒè¦æ±‚完成工程承包ä»ÕdŠ¡ã€‚国际上åQŒä¸šä¸Õd§”托专业化的咨询商代表自己˜q›è¡Œå·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†ã€å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®çš„执行和实施由承包商完成是一¿Uæ™®éçš„做法ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">发达国家的工½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†ä½“制是æ ÒŽ®å¸‚场需要演变和发展èµäh¥çš„,已经æœ?100 多年的历åÔŒ¼Œòq¶åœ¨¾l§ç®‹å‘展和不断完善。特别值得引è“v注意的是åQŒè¿‘些年来,˜q™ç§å·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡å’Œå·¥½E‹æ€ÀL‰¿åŒ…的国际通行模式åQŒå·²¾låœ¨å›½å†…外资目徏设中被普遍采用,也有部分内资™å¹ç›®å¼€å§‹é‡‡ç”¨ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">面对开攄¡š„全球化工½E‹å¾è®‘Ö¸‚场,我国å»ø™®¾™å¹ç›®çš„组¾l‡æ¨¡å¼å¿…™åÕd°½å¿«ä¸Žå›½é™…通行的工½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†æ¨¡å¼æŽ¥è½¨ã€‚坚持洋ä¸ÞZ¸­ç”¨ï¼Œòq¶ç»“合国情,创新发展åQŒå¾ç«‹å’Œå®Œå–„中国特色的工½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡å’Œå·¥ç¨‹æ€ÀL‰¿åŒ…的工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†ä½“制åQŒä‹É全过½E‹å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡å’Œå·¥ç¨‹æ€ÀL‰¿åŒ…成为我国工½E‹å¾è®„¡š„主要¾l„织实施方式åQŒåŸ¹è‚²å’Œå‘展一大批能满­‘›_¸‚场需要的工程公司和项目管理公司(咨询公司åQ‰ï¼ŒåŠªåŠ›ä¿ƒè¿›æˆ‘国工程å»ø™®¾äº‹ä¸š˜q›ä¸€æ­¥æ·±åŒ–改革和不断发展ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">三、高质量发展我国工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡</strong></span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">四十òq´æ¥åQŒæˆ‘国工½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡å–得了很大的成¾l©ï¼Œå·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†æ°´åã^有了很大的提高,但与新时代我国徏讑ָ‚场的发展和走出去参与“一带一路”徏讄¡š„要求åQŒè¿˜æœ‰å¾ˆå¤§çš„差距。必™å»è¿›ä¸€æ­¥æ·±åŒ–改革、加快步伐、加大力度,ž®½å¿«å»ø™®¾ä¸€æ”¯ä¸­å›½ç‰¹è‰²çš„世界一‹¹å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡é˜Ÿä¼ï¼Œé«˜è´¨é‡æŽ¨è¡Œå…¨˜q‡ç¨‹å·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡åQŒè¿™æ˜¯æˆ‘国徏设事业发展的客观要求ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(31, 73, 125); font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">1、培育和发展工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡æœºæž„</span></strong></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">国际上,工程公司åŸÞZºŽå…¶ç»¼åˆèƒ½åŠ›ï¼Œé€šå¸¸æ—¢æ˜¯æ‰¿åŒ…商也是最好的咨询商,但不能在同一个工½E‹é¡¹ç›®çš„实施阶段同时承担咨询商和承包商角艌Ӏ‚å·¥½E‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸å’Œå·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å…¬å¸å¾€å¾€åªèƒ½ä½œäؓ咨询商äؓ业主提供工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡åQŒè€Œæ²¡æœ‰èƒ½åŠ›ä½œä¸ºæ‰¿åŒ…商˜q›è¡Œå·¥ç¨‹æ€ÀL‰¿åŒ…。我国工½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†ä½“制改革四十年的实践也证明åQŒåªæœ‰å°†æœ‰æ¡ä»¶çš„设计单位˜q›è¡Œæ•´ä½“改制创徏成国际型工程公司åQŒæ‰èƒ½æ ¹æ®ä¸šä¸Èš„不同需要,既能有效地实施工½E‹æ€ÀL‰¿åŒ…,又能ä¸ÞZ¸šä¸ÀLä¾›å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡åƈ代表业主˜q›è¡Œå…¨è¿‡½E‹å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†ï¼›å·¥ç¨‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸å’Œå·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å…¬å¸åªèƒ½æ ¹æ®å…¶å„自的能力和特点åQŒäؓ业主提供阶段性或全过½E‹å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡è€Œä¸å…·å¤‡å·¥ç¨‹æ€ÀL‰¿åŒ…能力ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">注重咨询商的培育与发展,是高质量发展全过½E‹å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡çš„前提。我国创建成功的工程公司都是在大型勘察设计单位的基础上进行一‹Æ¡è„±èƒŽæ¢éª¨çš„攚w€ ï¼Œåˆ‡å®žä»Žè§‚念上、机构上、体制上和功能上多方面进行整体改革而实现的åQ?strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(31, 73, 125);">部分大型勘察设计单位和多æ•îC¸­åž‹å‹˜å¯Ÿè®¾è®¡å•ä½?/span></strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(31, 73, 125);">以及现有的大型工½E‹å’¨è¯¢å•ä½å¯ä»¥æŒ‰ç…§å›½é™…通行的咨询商模式攚w€ äؓ¾l¼åˆæ€§çš„工程咨询公司或综合性的工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å…¬å¸åQŒå¼ºåŒ–可行性研½I¶æŠ¥å‘Šã€è§„划、选址、投资咨询、设计咨询等能力åQŒæ‹“展勘察、工½E‹è®¾è®¡ã€é‡‡è´­å’Œæ–½å·¥çš„管理等职能åQŒå°½å¿«åŞ成äؓ™å¹ç›®å»ø™®¾‹zÕdŠ¨æä¾›å…¨æ–¹ä½ã€å¤šåŠŸèƒ½ã€æŠ€æœ¯æ€§ã€ç®¡ç†æ€§æœåŠ¡çš„咨询服务体系</span>åQŒäؓ业主的项目决½{–å’Œ™å¹ç›®å®žæ–½çš„监督与½Ž¡ç†æä¾›å®¢è§‚、公正、科学、可靠的全过½E‹å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡ï¼›<strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(31, 73, 125);">ž®åž‹å‹˜å¯Ÿè®¾è®¡å•ä½å’Œä¸­ž®åž‹å·¥ç¨‹å’¨è¯¢å•ä½</span></strong><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(31, 73, 125);">可以改徏ä¸ÞZ¸“业性工½E‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸æˆ–专业性工½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å…¬å¸ï¼Œä¸“业性工½E‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬åæ€»¥è‡ªæœ‰æˆ–获得的专有、专利技术äؓ基础åQŒä¸æ–­æé«˜ä¸“业化½E‹åº¦åQŒé€æ­¥å‘展形成能äؓ业主对专™åҎŠ€æœ¯å®žæ–½ä¸€æ¡é¾™æœåŠ¡çš„专业化咨询公司ã€?/span>专业性工½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å…¬å¸è¦é‡ç‚¹åŸ¹è‚²å’Œæé«˜è‡ªíw«çš„专项½Ž¡ç†èƒ½åŠ›åQŒçªå‡ÞZؓ业主提供阶段性工½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡çš„实力。当ç„Óž¼Œç”±é…å¥—的专业人员新组建工½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å…¬å¸æˆ–工程咨询公司åQŒåªè¦å¾ç«‹è“v相应的机构、体¾p…R€å·¥ä½œç¨‹åºï¼Œä¹Ÿæ˜¯å¯ä»¥æ‰¿æ‹…工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡çš„。将工程监理½{‰ä¼ä¸šç®€å•åœ°æ”¹åä¸ºå·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å…¬å¸ï¼Œä»…仅只能承担施工阶段的项目管理咨询服务;由其他非技术密集型机构改äؓ所谓的工程咨询公司åQŒæ˜¯æ— æ³•æ‰¿æ‹…工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡çš„。无论是工程咨询公司˜q˜æ˜¯å·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å…¬å¸åQŒé™¤äº†å…·æœ‰ç›¸åº”的机构、功能和½E‹åºå¤–,必须具备相应的技术、设计管理能力和专业人才。我们要学习、研½I¶å›½é™…上的先˜q›åšæ³•ï¼Œž®¤å…¶è¦å–„于借鉴国内已初步徏成国际型工程公司和项目管理公司(咨询公司åQ‰çš„创徏¾léªŒåQŒé¿å…èµ°å¼¯èµ\åQŒä»¥æœ‰æ•ˆåœîC¿ƒ˜q›å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†æ•´ä½“æ°´òq³çš„提高ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(31, 73, 125); font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">2、大力培å…Õd·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡ä¸“业ähæ‰?/span></strong></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">人才是高质量发展工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡çš„关键。要¾l§ç®‹å¸æ”¶ä»¥å¾€äººæ‰åŸ¹å…»çš„成功经验,˜q›ä¸€æ­¥åŠ å¤§å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†å’¨è¯¢ä¸“业化骨干队伍的培训力度,ž®¤å…¶æ˜¯é’ˆå¯ÒŽœ‰å·¥ä½œ¾léªŒçš„技术和½Ž¡ç†äººå‘˜çš„培训和¾l§ç®‹æ•™è‚²åQ›åŒæ—Óž¼Œè¦å€ŸåŠ©ä¸Žå›½å¤–著名工½E‹å…¬å¸åˆä½œçš„有利条äšgåQŒå­¦ä¹ äº†è§£å›½é™…å·¥½E‹ç®¡ç†ç»éªŒã€‚切实采取一切措施,培养一批工½E‹å…¬å¸ã€å·¥½E‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸å’Œå·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å…¬å¸æ‰€éœ€è¦çš„™å¹ç›®¾lç†ã€è®¾è®¡ç»ç†ã€é‡‡è´­ç»ç†ã€æ–½å·¥ç»ç†ã€æŽ§åˆ¶ç»ç†ã€èƒ¦åŠ¡ç»ç†ä»¥åŠåˆåŒã€è®¡åˆ’、费用估½Ž—与控制、材料控制、融资、风险和保险、烦赔、质量、安全等专业的技术和½Ž¡ç†äººæ‰åQŒäؓ开展全˜q‡ç¨‹å·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡æä¾›äººæ‰æ”¯æ’‘åQŒåŠ å¿«å…¨˜q‡ç¨‹å·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡èŒä¸šé˜Ÿä¼å»ø™®¾åQŒä»¥é€‚应新时代国内外工程å»ø™®¾å¸‚场的需要ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(31, 73, 125); font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">3、徏立和完善¿U‘学的项目管理咨询服务体¾p?/span></strong></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†æ˜¯åœ¨™å¹ç›®å®žæ–½˜q‡ç¨‹ä¸­ï¼Œå¯šw¡¹ç›®çš„各个斚w¢˜q›è¡Œ½{–划、组¾l‡ã€ç›‘‹¹‹å’ŒæŽ§åˆ¶åQŒä»¥å®žçŽ°™å¹ç›®å»ø™®¾çš„目标。作ä¸ÞZ¸€é—¨ç§‘学,它主要研½I‰™¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†çš„理论、模式、程序、方法和技术,揭示™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†çš„规律。作ä¸ÞZ¸€¿Uå®žè·‰|´»åŠ¨ï¼Œæ˜¯åœ¨™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å®žè·µä¸­ï¼Œ˜qç”¨™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†çš„理论、模式、程序、方法和技术,提高™å¹ç›®å»ø™®¾çš„效率和效益。工½E‹é¡¹ç›®ç®¡ç†ä¸»è¦ç ”½I¶å·¥½E‹é¡¹ç›®çš„¾l„织与管理的规律åQŒä»Ž¾l„织和管理的角度采取措施åQŒé€šè¿‡™å¹ç›®½{–划、费用控制、时间控制、质量控制、合同管理、信息管理、安全管理以及组¾l‡åè°ƒç­‰æ‰‹æ®µåQŒç¡®ä¿é¡¹ç›®æ€È›®æ ‡æœ€ä¼˜åœ°å®žçŽ°ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">目前åQŒå›½é™…著名的工程公司和工½E‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸ï¼ˆå·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å…¬å¸åQ‰çš„工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†éƒ½æ˜¯ä»¥ç³»¾lŸå·¥½E‹å­¦ã€æŽ§åˆ¶è®ºå’Œä¿¡æ¯è®ºä¸ºç†è®ºåŸº¼‹€åQŒé‡‡ç”¨èµ¢å¾—值原理(通过分析工程™å¹ç›®å®žæ–½ä¸Žå·¥½E‹ç›®æ ‡æœŸæœ›ä¹‹é—´çš„差异来判断和控制工程实施费用、进度ç‡W效的一¿Uæœ‰æ•ˆæ–¹æ³•ï¼‰ã€ä¿¡æ¯é›†æˆæŠ€æœ¯å’ŒçŸ©é˜µå¼ç®¡ç†ç»“构,以高度专业化、科学化和市场化的手ŒDµï¼Œå»ºç«‹äº†è‡ªíw«çš„工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†ä½“ç³»åQŒå¯¹™å¹ç›®å®žæ–½çš„进度、费用、质量、资源、胦务、风险、安全等å»ø™®¾å…¨è¿‡½E‹å®žè¡ŒåŠ¨æ€ã€é‡åŒ–管理和有效控制åQŒä»¥è¾‘Öˆ°æœ€ä½³çš„投资效益ã€?span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(31, 73, 125);">因此åQŒæˆ‘国的工程公司、工½E‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸å’Œå·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å…¬å¸è¦ä¸‹å¤§åŠ›æ°”徏立和完善¿U‘学的项目管理体¾p»ï¼Œå®žçŽ°ç”Ÿäñ”¾lè¥‹zÕdŠ¨çš„运营自动化、管理网¾lœåŒ–、决½{–智能化åQŒè¿›è€Œä¿ƒ˜q›ç”Ÿäº§æ°´òqŸë€ç”Ÿäº§æ•ˆçŽ‡å’Œ¾læµŽæ•ˆç›Šçš„提高。加快咨询机构体制现代化、管理科学化、企业信息化、äh才国际化、市场全球化、经营规模化的徏设,寚w«˜è´¨é‡å‘展工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡è‡›_…³é‡è¦ã€?/span></span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(31, 73, 125); font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">4、创造良好的工程™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡å¸‚场环境</span></strong></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); line-height: 1.75em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; font-family: 宋体, SimSun;">工程公司、工½E‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸å’Œå·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å…¬å¸æ˜¯å·¥½E‹å¾è®‘Ö¸‚场的ä¸ÖM½“åQŒå…¶ç”Ÿå­˜å’Œå‘展是由工½E‹å¾è®‘Ö¸‚场决定的。一个规范的å»ø™®¾å¸‚场是工½E‹å…¬å¸ã€å·¥½E‹å’¨è¯¢å…¬å¸å’Œå·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å…¬å¸å¥åº·å‘展的前提。因此,必须建立完善的法律法规和政策体系åQŒå°½å¿«åˆ¶å®šå‡ºå°æœ‰åˆ©äºŽå¼€å±•å…¨˜q‡ç¨‹å·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡å·¥ä½œçš„相å…Ïx³•å¾‹æ³•è§„,完善和徏立全˜q‡ç¨‹å·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡çš„技术标准、酬金计取方式和½Ž¡ç†ä½“ç³»åQŒå¯¹å·¥ç¨‹å»ø™®¾å…¨è¿‡½E‹å„™åҎ´»åŠ¨åŠ ä»¥è§„范,以法律åŞ式确立政府与企业、投资商与承包商、咨询商的关¾p»ï¼Œ¼‹®è®¤å’Œç»´æŠ¤å„方市åœÞZ¸»ä½“和各类人员的权益,完善市场交易规则åQŒåšåˆ°æœ‰æ³•å¯ä¾ï¼Œæœ‰ç« å¯åó@。同æ—Óž¼Œè¦åˆ¶å®šç›¸å…Ïx”¿½{–,创造良好的市场环境åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›æŽ¨è¡Œå…¨˜q‡ç¨‹å·¥ç¨‹™å¹ç›®½Ž¡ç†å’¨è¯¢æœåŠ¡è§„范、健店÷€é«˜è´¨é‡å‘展ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 15px; margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; 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