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padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-bottom-width: 4px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-color: rgb(92, 48, 125);"><section data-bcless="darken" style="margin: 0px 0px -5px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-bottom-width: 8px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-color: rgb(38, 20, 51); font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; display: inline-block; color: inherit;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; border-color: rgb(92, 48, 125); color: rgb(92, 48, 125); font-size: 18px; line-height: 1.5em; background-color: rgb(254, 254, 254); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-color: rgb(92, 48, 125); color: inherit;">1 国务院机构改革:重新界定城市设计与城乡规划管理的关系åQ?/strong></p></section></section></section><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">攚w©å¼€æ”¾ä»¥æ¥ï¼Œå›½åŠ¡é™¢å…ˆåŽç»åŽ†äº†8‹Æ¡é‡å¤§æ”¿åºœæœºæž„改革,以提高行政效率,降低行政成本åQŒå®Œå–„组¾l‡ç»“æž„åƈ¾_‘Ö¹²½Ž¡ç†äººå‘˜ã€?018òq?月党的十九届三中全会通过新的《深化党和国家机构改革方案》,明确要“将国土资源部的职责åQŒå›½å®¶å‘展和攚w©å§”员会的¾l„织¾~–制ä¸ÖM½“功能åŒø™§„划职责,住房和城乡徏è®ùNƒ¨åQˆä»¥ä¸‹ç®€¿U°â€œä½å»ºéƒ¨â€ï¼‰çš„城乡规划管理职责,水利部的水资源调查和¼‹®æƒç™»è®°½Ž¡ç†èŒè´£åQŒå†œä¸šéƒ¨çš„草原资源调查和¼‹®æƒç™»è®°½Ž¡ç†èŒè´£åQŒå›½å®¶æž—业局的森林、湿地等资源调查和确权登记管理职责,国家‹¹äh´‹å±€çš„职责,国家‹¹‹ç»˜åœ°ç†ä¿¡æ¯å±€çš„职责整合â€?strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><sup style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(112, 48, 160);">1</span></sup></strong>åQŒç»„建和讄¡«‹ä¸­åŽäººæ°‘共和国自然资源部åQŒä½œä¸ºå›½åŠ¡é™¢¾l„成部门ã€?/span><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">æ–ÒŽ¡ˆå…¬å¸ƒåŽï¼Œä¸€çŸÏx¿€èµ·åƒå±‚浪åQŒå…³äºŽä½å»ºéƒ¨ä¸‹è®¾çš„城市设计管理职能是调整转归自然资源部还是保留在住徏部(å›?åQ‰ï¼Œä¸€æ—‰™—´æˆäؓòq¿äؓ议论的话题。随着住徏部的城乡规划½Ž¡ç†èŒèƒ½æœºæž„外迁自然资源部的逐步落实åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计管理职能仍然保留在住徏部成为可能。那么,原来紧密依托城乡规划的城市设计管理工作,在大òq…度机构调整的媄响下会带来怎样的定位变化和工作变革åQŸåŸŽå¸‚设计与城市规划的关¾pÕd°†é¢äÍ重构吗?城市设计½Ž¡ç†ä¼šé€æ­¥˜qœç¦»æ³•å®šè§„划和规划许可等传统½Ž¡æŽ§å·¥å…·å—?城市设计与徏½{‘及å»ø™®¾‹zÕdŠ¨çš„关联性会因此加强吗?昄¡„¶åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计管理何åŽÖM½•ä»Žâ€”这亟需通过¾l¼åˆç ”究、不断明晰和强化政府“顶层设计”,òq¶åˆç†é¡ºåº”社会整体发展趋势,¿U¯æžæ»¡èƒö½C¾ä¼šå®¢è§‚需求,重新å¯ÀL‰¾å’Œå®šä½æˆ‘国城市设计管理的未来发展路径和方向ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-align: center; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><img src="/upload/Info/images/20190521/6369402550429400005331187.jpg" title="微信囄¡‰‡_20190521084515.jpg" alt="微信囄¡‰‡_20190521084515.jpg"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-indent: 0em; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-align: center; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(136, 136, 136);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">å›?1 <span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">国务院组成部门调æ•ß_¼š¾l„徏自然资源éƒ?/span></strong></span></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">因此åQŒæœ¬æ–‡ä»ŽåŸŽå¸‚设计的基本功能与属性出发,重点分析攚w©å¼€æ”¾ä»¥æ¥æˆ‘国城市设计管理的发展演进˜q‡ç¨‹åŠå…¶ç‰¹ç‚¹ã€ç‰¹è‰ÔŒ¼Œòq¶å¯¹æ¯”相兛_›½é™…经验和做法åQŒç»“合我国城市设计管理可能与城乡规划½Ž¡ç†å…³ç³»é‡æž„的变革现çŠÓž¼ŒæŽ¢è®¨æˆ‘国政府机构攚w©å½±å“ä¸‹çš„城市设计½Ž¡ç†èµ°å‘及相关的思考和å»ø™®®ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135¾~–辑å™? data-id="38806" data-color="#5c307d" data-custom="#5c307d" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-bottom-width: 4px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-color: rgb(92, 48, 125);"><section data-bcless="darken" style="margin: 0px 0px -5px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-bottom-width: 8px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-color: rgb(38, 20, 51); font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; display: inline-block; color: inherit;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; border-color: rgb(92, 48, 125); color: rgb(92, 48, 125); font-size: 18px; line-height: 1.5em; background-color: rgb(254, 254, 254); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-color: rgb(92, 48, 125); color: inherit;">2 城市设计的基本功能与属性:“桥梁作用”与“看不见的网â€?/strong></p></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">çŽîC»£åŸŽå¸‚设计作äؓ“规划—徏½{‘”之间的桥梁<sup style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(112, 48, 160);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">2</strong></span></sup>åQŒæ˜¯ä¸ÞZº†åº”对建筑设计专注和局限于单个™å¹ç›®åQŒåŸŽå¸‚规划越来越們֐‘于土地利用、空间地理和产业¾læµŽçš„客观状况而诞生,òq¶å‘展成为塑造城市三¾l´ç©ºé—´çŽ¯å¢ƒçš„重要领域[1]。“桥梁作用”这一基本功能诉求深刻揭示了“城市设计”与“城乡规划”和“徏½{‘设计”之间密不可分的内在联系åQˆå›¾2åQ‰ï¼Œåæ˜ åˆ°ç›¸å…³ç®¡ç†å·¥ä½œä¸ŠåQŒä¹Ÿè¡¨æ˜Žäº†åŸŽå¸‚设计管理需要紧密“融合”和“链接”城乡规划管理与建筑设计½Ž¡ç†çš„内在需求和˜qä½œå€‘֐‘ã€?/span><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-align: center; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><img src="/upload/Info/images/20190521/6369402551255300001516249.jpg" title="微信囄¡‰‡_20190521084520.jpg" alt="微信囄¡‰‡_20190521084520.jpg"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; text-align: center; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(136, 136, 136);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">å›? <span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">城市设计作äؓ城乡规划与徏½{‘设计之间的桥梁</span></span></strong></span></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">ž®½ç®¡åŸŽå¸‚设计可以是直接进行工½E‹å¾é€ çš„¾lˆæžäº§å“åQŒä½†å…¶ä½œä¸ºâ€œçœ‹ä¸è§çš„网[2]”的公共政策½Ž¡æŽ§å±žæ€§å’Œâ€œäºŒ‹Æ¡è®¢å•[3]”的˜q‡ç¨‹¾U¦æŸå±žæ€§ç›¸å¯¹ä¸»å¯¹{€‚å·´¾U³ç‰¹æŒ‡å‡ºåŸŽå¸‚设计是“一˜qžä¸²çš„行政决½{–过½E‹å’Œå½¢ä½“环境塑造过½E‹[4]”,王世¼›è®¤ä¸ºâ€œåŸŽå¸‚设计走向可操作性实际上ž®±æ˜¯åŸŽå¸‚设计成äؓ公共政策化的专业技术的<span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-indent: 2em;">˜q‡ç¨‹[5]”。因此,城市设计指引城市å»ø™®¾çš„综合作用需要通过设计规则建构åQˆè®¾è®¡å¯¼åˆ™ã€è®¾è®¡è§„定等åQ‰å’Œ½Ž¡ç†˜qä½œ˜q‡ç¨‹æ¥å®žçŽŽÍ¼Œæ¢å¥è¯è¯´åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计的½Ž¡ç†˜q‡ç¨‹æ˜¯å®žæ–½åŸŽå¸‚设计的重中之重åQŒå†³å®šç€åŸŽå¸‚设计的落åœîC¸Žå®žé™…成效ã€?/span></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135¾~–辑å™? data-id="38806" data-color="#5c307d" data-custom="#5c307d" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-bottom-width: 4px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-color: rgb(92, 48, 125);"><section data-bcless="darken" style="margin: 0px 0px -5px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-bottom-width: 8px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-color: rgb(38, 20, 51); font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; display: inline-block; color: inherit;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; border-color: rgb(92, 48, 125); color: rgb(92, 48, 125); font-size: 18px; line-height: 1.5em; background-color: rgb(254, 254, 254); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-color: rgb(92, 48, 125); color: inherit;">3 我国çŽîC»£åŸŽå¸‚设计½Ž¡ç†çš„发展演˜q›ä¸Ž˜qä½œç‰¹ç‚¹</strong></p></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">我国的现代城市设计伴随改革开攑֒Œå¸‚场¾læµŽå»ø™®¾è€Œç”Ÿæ ¹å‘芽,至今已近40òqß_¼Œòq¶åœ¨è§„模½Iºå‰çš„城市徏设活动和快速城市化˜q›ç¨‹ä¸­ä¸æ–­æ”¹˜q›ã€‚城市设计在我国¾låŽ†äº†å‡ ä¸ªé‡è¦é˜¶ŒDµï¼šâ‘ æ•ˆä»¿è‹è”及å»ø™®¾åŠ¨è¡çš„前期准备阶ŒDµï¼ˆ1949â€?979òqß_¼‰åQ›â‘¡æ€æ½®ä¸Žè®¤è¯†çš„引进与探索期åQ?980â€?990òqß_¼‰åQ›â‘¢ç†è®ºå’Œå®žè·ëŠš„发展与繁荣期åQ?991â€?000òqß_¼‰åQ›â‘£å…¨é¢æŽ¨è¿›ä¸‹çš„困惑与反思期åQ?000â€?015òqß_¼‰åQ›â‘¤ä¸­å¤®åŸŽå¸‚工作会议后的调整与规范期åQ?015òq´è‡³ä»Šï¼‰½{‰å‡ ä¸ªé‡è¦é˜¶ŒDüc€?/span><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">据此åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计管理从一开始单一计划¾læµŽä½“制下政府对物质形体设计的直接立™å¹å’Œå®žæ–½åQŒæ¼”˜q›åˆ°é‡ç‚¹å¯¹å›½å†…、国际性城市设计实践项目的¾l„织和开展上åQŒè¿›è€Œå‘展到通过ž®†åŸŽå¸‚设计成果纳入法定规划、è{变äؓ规划许可条äšg½{‰å®žçŽ°åŸŽå¸‚设计落地的˜qä½œ½Ž¡æŽ§ä¸Šï¼Œòq¶åœ¨˜q‘期中央城市工作会议之后åQŒéšç€ã€ŠåŸŽå¸‚设计管理办法》的出台和住建部城市设计½Ž¡ç†å¤„室的设立,正式˜qˆå…¥åŸŽå¸‚设计½Ž¡ç†åˆ¶åº¦å»ø™®¾çš„调整规范期ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">长期以来åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计管理在我国呈现å‡ÞZ½œä¸ø™§„划管理的¾l„成部分、非正式制度¾U¦æŸä¸ÞZ¸»ã€åˆ¶åº¦è§„范迈入初创、多ž®ºåº¦½Ž¡æŽ§½{‰å®žè·ëŠ‰¹å¾ï¼Œå…ähœ‰åŸŽå¸‚设计½Ž¡ç†ç´§å¯†ä¾æ‰˜å’Œèžå…¥è§„划管理的显著特点—这也导致政府机构调整后åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计管理一旦“走出”城乡规划管理,ž®†é¢ä¸´å·¨å¤§è¿ä½œå˜é©å’ŒæŒ‘战。而城市设计管理与建筑设计之间的关¾p»ï¼Œåˆ™æ›´å¤šä½“现在“管”和“被½Ž¡â€çš„½Ž€å•äº’动上åQŒã€Šå¾½{‘法》确定的å»ø™®¾½Ž¡ç†å†…容未有对城市设计的具体涉及ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 10px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(112, 48, 160);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">3.1城市设计½Ž¡ç†ä½œäؓ城乡规划½Ž¡ç†çš„组成部分:从非正式¾U¦æŸèµ°å‘制度规范初创</strong></span></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">城市设计½Ž¡ç†èžå…¥åŸŽä¹¡è§„划½Ž¡ç†çš„运作模式在国际上具有广泛应用。在¾ŸŽå›½åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计技术性地介入区划是实现设计管控的重要手段åQŒæ€ÖM½“上åŞ成了“以设计审查制度为核心,以设计导则äؓ方向与依据,以区划法ä¸ÞZ¾æ‰˜â€çš„½Ž¡ç†æ¨¡å¼åQ›ä»¥â€œè‡ªç”±é‡è£â€äؓ特征的“规划许可”制度则是英国城市设计运作的重要依托åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计实施管理主要通过设计控制的审查体¾pÀL¥å®žçŽ°åQŒå¯¹ç”Œ™¯·å¼€å‘案的“城市设计审查”是保障城市½Iºé—´çŽ¯å¢ƒå“è´¨çš„重要手ŒDµ[6]ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">城市设计在我国具有非法定规划属性,20世纪90òq´ä»¥æ¥ï¼Œå›½å®¶ä¸Žåœ°æ–¹å±‚面的城市规划法律法规对于城市设计的表˜q°å’Œè§„定ž®½ç®¡å±¡ç»ä¿®æ”¹ã€åˆ é™¤æˆ–者变化,但也曲折地揭½CÞZº†åŸŽå¸‚设计在我国被视äؓ规划½Ž¡ç†æž„成要素的重要事实,å¦?991òq´é¢å¸ƒçš„《城市规划编制办法》明¼‹®æåŠï¼Œâ€œåœ¨¾~–制城市规划的各个阶ŒDµï¼Œéƒ½åº”˜qç”¨åŸŽå¸‚设计的手法”,2006òq´æ–½è¡Œçš„《城市规划编制办法》指出,控制性详¾l†è§„划应当“提出各地块的徏½{‘体量、体型、色彩等城市设计指导原则”ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">很长旉™—´ä¸­ï¼Œž®½ç®¡åŸŽå¸‚设计½Ž¡ç†å·²ç»é€æ­¥å‘展成äؓ我国城乡规划½Ž¡ç†çš„重要组成部分,但由于城市规划相å…Ïx³•å¾‹æ³•è§„缺乏关于城市设计管理的具体可操作的˜qä½œè§„定åQŒå› æ­¤ï¼Œæˆ‘国城市设计的运作主要依靠行业内外共同遵循的一些非正式制度¾U¦æŸåQˆåŒ…括行业共识、惯常做法等åQ‰åœ¨ä¸€å®šç¨‹åº¦ä¸Šå¾—以有序开展—城市设计的¾~–制、批复和实施在城市规划体¾pÕd†…展开åQŒä¸»è¦ç”±å„çñ”规划ä¸È®¡éƒ¨é—¨è´Ÿè´£ã€‚城市设计的具体实施则通过[6]åQšâ‘ ž®†åŸŽå¸‚设计内容纳入法定城市规划;②对规划设计或者徏½{‘设计方案进行城市设计审查;③将城市设计规定直接作äؓ“一书两证”规划许可的条äšg½{‰æ–¹å¼è½åœ°ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">2015 òq?2月,中央城市工作会议明确指出åQŒæˆ‘国要“全面开展城市设计”,2016òq´å›½åŠ¡é™¢ã€Šå…³äºŽè¿›ä¸€æ­¥åŠ å¼ºåŸŽå¸‚规划徏讄¡®¡ç†å·¥ä½œçš„若干意见》也指出åQŒâ€œåŸŽå¸‚设计是落实城市规划、指导徏½{‘设计、塑造城市特色风貌的有效手段”ã€?017òqß_¼Œä¾æ®ã€Šä¸­åŽäh民共和国城乡规划法》等法律法规制定的《城市设计管理办法》由住徏部颁布åƈ施行[7]åQŒè¿™æ˜¯æˆ‘国城市设计运作法制化å»ø™®¾˜qˆå‡ºçš„重要一步,标志着我国城市设计½Ž¡ç†èµ°å‘正式制度规范的开始。与此同æ—Óž¼Œä¸€äº›åœ°æ–ÒŽ€§çš„城市设计½Ž¡ç†è§„定也纷¾U·å‡ºåŽÍ¼Œå¦?017òq?月印发的《浙江省城市设计½Ž¡ç†åŠžæ³•ã€‹å’Œã€Šæ¹–北省城市设计½Ž¡ç†åŠžæ³•åQˆè¯•è¡Œï¼‰ã€‹ã€?017òq?月施行的《山东省城市设计½Ž¡ç†åŠžæ³•åQˆè¯•è¡Œï¼‰ã€‹ã€?018òq?月公布的《中山市城市设计½Ž¡ç†åŠžæ³•åQˆè¯•è¡Œç¨¿åQ‰ã€‹ç­‰ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">ž®½ç®¡å…¨å›½å±‚面的《城市设计管理办法》初步界定了城市设计的主要职能、管理主体及其与法定规划相结合的½Ž¡åˆ¶è·¯å¾„½{‰ï¼Œä½†å…¶ä»ä¾§é‡åŽŸåˆ™æ€§å¯¼å¼•ï¼Œå®žé™…操作层面的具体管理方式亟待细化,其主要规定内容在于初步确定“æ€ÖM½“城市设计”与“重点地区城市设计”的两çñ”设计¾~–制、审批主体;较äؓ明确地提出重点地区城市设计通过控制性详¾l†è§„划进行开发控制的途径åQ›éƒ¨åˆ†è§„定了单体建筑设计和景观、市政工½E‹æ–¹æ¡ˆè®¾è®¡åº”½W¦åˆåŸŽå¸‚设计要求åQŒä»¥å‡ø™®©æ–¹å¼æä¾›å›½æœ‰åœŸåœ°ä½¿ç”¨æƒçš„开发和相关大型公共建筑™å¹ç›®½{‰ï¼Œåº”当ž®†åŸŽå¸‚设计要求纳入规划条件等内容ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 10px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0em; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(112, 48, 160);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">3.2城市设计½Ž¡ç†çš„多ž®ºåº¦½Ž¡æŽ§åQšç‰¹è‰²åŒ–的大ž®ºåº¦åŸŽå¸‚设计</strong></span></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">城市设计的空间对象具有广泛的ž®ºåº¦èŒƒç•´åQŒä»Žå»ºç­‘¾Ÿ¤ä½“、街道街区、城市片区到城市乃至区域åQŒéƒ½å¯ä»¥æˆäؓ城市设计的工作对象。但是城市设计管理在不同国家和地区针对的重点ž®ºåº¦å¯¹è±¡å´å„不相同,例如åQŒåœ¨åŒæ ·å€ŸåŠ©åŒºåˆ’实现设计控制的å¯d国和¾ŸŽå›½åQŒå¯d国强调通过建造规划(B-PlanåQ‰å¯¹ä¸­å°ž®ºåº¦çš„具体徏½{‘单体及其周边环境施加“细节性”设计管控,¾ŸŽå›½åˆ™é‡åœ¨é€šè¿‡â€œè®¾è®¡å®¡æŸ¥â€ç»“合城å¸?街区½{‰å°ºåº¦çš„“城市设计导则”来推行更大ž®ºåº¦çš„“结构性”设计管理。造成˜q™ç§çŽ°è±¡çš„原因与不同国家和地区的发展阶段、国家地域的面积大小、国家管理采用的½C¾ä¼š¾læµŽä½“制½{‰æ¯æ¯ç›¸å…Ÿë€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">与美国类ä¼û|¼Œæˆ‘国城市设计½Ž¡ç†è¦†ç›–宏观、中观、微观等多个ž®ºåº¦åQŒä½†é’ˆå¯¹å¤§å°ºåº¦åŸŽå¸‚和地区开展的城市设计及其½Ž¡ç†å·²ç»æˆäؓ我国城市设计区别其他国家的一大重要特è‰ÔŒ¼Œ˜q™ä»Žã€ŠåŸŽå¸‚设计管理办法》设定的“æ€ÖM½“城市设计”与“重点地区城市设计”两¾U§ç»“构便可窥豹一斑,其原因既有来自美国城市设计的影响åQŒæ›´æ˜¯ä¸­å›½åŸŽé•‡åŒ–˜q›ç¨‹ä¸ŽåŸŽå¸‚徏讄¡š„客观需求ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">一斚w¢åQŒæˆ‘国早期对城市设计的概念内æ¶üc€ç¼–制方法、运行管理等斚w¢çš„认识åŞ成深受美国媄响,自改革开放伊始,大量¾ŸŽå›½åŸŽå¸‚设计实践和著作就被翻译或引入国内[8]åQŒå¦‚至今仍然å…ähœ‰æ·±åˆ»å½±å“åŠ›çš„城市ž®ºåº¦çš„“旧金山城市设计”,¾ŸŽå›½åŸŽå¸‚设计导则研究½{‰[9-11]åQ›é™¤æ­¤ä¹‹å¤–,å»ø™®¾éƒ¨æ—©åœ?0世纪80òq´ä»£ž®×ƒ¸“门派出由郭恩章等学者组成的代表团前往¾ŸŽå›½è€ƒå¯Ÿå’Œå­¦ä¹ åŸŽå¸‚设计,林奇½{‰ç¾Žå›½å¾½{‘和规划专家代表团也åœ?980òq´å¼€å§‹è®¿åŽï¼Œç”±æ­¤å¸¦æ¥çš„经验引介及引发的关注对之后国内城市设计实践及教育等的开展媄响深˜qœã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">更äؓ重要的是åQŒæˆ‘国过åŽ?0多年的经‹¹Žè¿…速腾飞、城镇化˜q›ç¨‹é«˜é€Ÿå‘展及大规模城市扩张等åQŒå¸¦æ¥çš„对结构性、åŞ态性、引导性的大尺度城市设计的巨量需求,˜q™ä¿ƒä½¿å…¶å‘展成äؓ我国城市规划设计中的一个重要组成类型。从上æ“v陆家嘴到北京CBDåQŒéƒ‘州新城到鄂尔多斯康巴什åQŒåŒ—川灾后重建到北京奥体公园åQŒè¿™¿Uå¤§è§„模城市设计在各地如火如荼地开展,设计范围动辄几åã^方公里、几十åã^方公里,甚至上百òqÏx–¹å…¬é‡Œ[12]。由于承担大ž®ºåº¦åŸŽå¸‚设计工作的技术äh员和½Ž¡ç†è€…等以“规划师”和具备“规划技能”的其他设计师äؓ主,˜q™å°±ä½¿å¾—我国城市设计与城市规划的融合变得自然而然又不可或¾~ºã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135¾~–辑å™? data-id="38806" data-color="#5c307d" data-custom="#5c307d" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-bottom-width: 4px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-color: rgb(92, 48, 125);"><section data-bcless="darken" style="margin: 0px 0px -5px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-bottom-width: 8px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-color: rgb(38, 20, 51); font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; display: inline-block; color: inherit;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; border-color: rgb(92, 48, 125); color: rgb(92, 48, 125); font-size: 18px; line-height: 1.5em; background-color: rgb(254, 254, 254); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-color: rgb(92, 48, 125); color: inherit;">4政府机构攚w©å¸¦æ¥çš„领域关¾p»é‡æž„与½Ž¡ç†ä¸ÖM½“危机</strong></p></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">¾lég¸Šå¯ä»¥çœ‹å‡ºåQŒæ–°ä¸€è½®çš„政府机构攚w©åQŒä¸€æ–šw¢æžå¤§å¯èƒ½ä¼šå¯¹æˆ‘国城市设计½Ž¡ç†ä¸ŽåŸŽä¹¡è§„划、徏½{‘管理之间原有的从属、指导或依托½{‰å…³¾p»é€ æˆè§£æž„和重塑;另一斚w¢æ›´æœ‰å¯èƒ½å¸¦æ¥åŸŽå¸‚设计½Ž¡ç†ä¸ÖM½“转型和管理内容变更的全方位冲凅R€‚对于这些关键问题,½W”者认为,在领域关¾p»é‡æž„上åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计管理须与城乡规划管理设法保持“不¼›ÖM¸å¼ƒâ€çš„持箋性联¾p»ï¼Œòq‰™€šè¿‡â€œä¸Šä¸‹è¡”接”来不断渗入和利用徏½{‘设计管理工å…øP¼›åœ¨ä¸»ä½“定位上åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计需要通过适应新机构体¾pȝš„法律法规å»ø™®¾æ¥åŽ˜æ¸…城市设计管理主体的责ä“Q、义务和职权范围åQŒåœ¨å¼ºåŒ–½E‹åº½Ž¡ç†çš„同æ—Óž¼Œèµ°å‘多元ä¸ÖM½“参与的“城市设计治理”之路。(å›?åQ?/span><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-align: center; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><img src="/upload/Info/images/20190521/6369402552313400006276600.jpg" title="微信囄¡‰‡_20190521084524.jpg" alt="微信囄¡‰‡_20190521084524.jpg"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-indent: 0em; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-align: center; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">å›?3 <span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">åŸÞZºŽ™å¶å±‚设计的城市设计管理制度徏è®?/span></span></strong></span></p><p style="margin-top: 10px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0em; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(112, 48, 160);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">4.1不离不弃åQšåŸŽå¸‚设计离不开城乡规划½Ž¡ç†òq›_°</strong></span></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">虽然在城市设计管理应该归属自然资源部以突出其规划½Ž¡æŽ§èŒèƒ½åQŒè¿˜æ˜¯ç•™åœ¨ä½å»ºéƒ¨å½¢æˆè®¾è®¡½Ž¡ç†ä¸Žå¾è®‘Ö·¥½E‹ç®¡ç†çš„二元互补体系上尚未定论,但是长期以来形成的规划与设计的历史联¾p…R€æˆ‘国城市设计多ž®ºåº¦è¦†ç›–的特ŒDŠæ€§ä»¥åŠè®¾è®¡ç®¡æŽ§çš„工具需求和òq›_°ä¾æ‰˜½{‰ï¼Œéƒ½è¦æ±‚城市设计管理不能因此而脱¼›ÕdŸŽä¹¡è§„划。相反地åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计,特别是大ž®ºåº¦çš„城市设计,通过法定规划和规划许可管理加以落实的做法短期内很难改变,需˜q›ä¸€æ­¥æ¢³ç†ç›¸äº’间的内在联¾pÕdƈ强化协作途径åQŒåŸŽå¸‚æ€ÖM½“规划和æ€ÖM½“城市设计、控制型详细规划和重点地区城市设计等之间的先后秩序、从属关¾pÖM»¥åŠå·¥ä½œåè°ƒæ–¹å¼è¿˜éœ€˜q›ä¸€æ­¥æ˜Ž¼‹®ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">清晰具体的设计管控规定的¾~ºå¤±åQŒä‹É得我国的城市设计与城乡规划、徏½{‘管理等相关制度间的关系调整和未来发展,仍然存在很大的不¼‹®å®šæ€§ï¼Œòq¶å¯èƒ½æŒ¾l­é€ æˆåŸŽå¸‚设计½Ž¡ç†åœ¨ä¾æ‰˜å¯¹è±¡ä¸Žä½œç”¨å·¥å…·ä¸Šçš„模糊。因此,在国家机构改革的新契æœÞZ¸‹åQŒæ”¿åºœéœ€è¦ä¸æ–­åŠ å¼ºåŸŽå¸‚设计主½Ž¡æœºæž„与职能å»ø™®¾çš„顶层设计,˜q›ä¸€æ­¥åŽ˜æ¸…城市规划与城市设计、徏½{‘设计的整合˜qä½œé€”径åQŒä‹É城市设计长期以来受体制机制约束而äñ”生的与相兌™§„划的内容重叠、融合困难、实施权责不明等问题逐步破解ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 10px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0em; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(112, 48, 160);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">4.2上下衔接åQšåŸŽå¸‚设计强化与建筑设计和徏设活动的½Ž¡ç†é“¾æŽ¥</strong></span></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">如前所˜qŽÍ¼ŒåŸŽå¸‚设计½Ž¡ç†åœ¨æˆ‘国实çŽîCº†ä¸ŽåŸŽå¸‚规划管理的¿U¯æžèžåˆåQŒä½†å´ä¸€ç›´æ˜¯â€œé«˜é«˜åœ¨ä¸Šâ€åœ°æŒ‡å¯¼å»ºç­‘设计与徏设活动的上层¾U§ç®¡ç†æ´»åŠ¨ï¼Œä¸Žç›¸å…›_¾½{‘活动åŞ成了相对½Ž€å•çš„“管”与“被½Ž¡â€å…³¾p»ï¼Œ˜q™å¯¼è‡´è§„划管理与城市å»ø™®¾ä¸¤å¤§çŽ¯èŠ‚存在è„ÞpŠ‚åQŒé€šè¿‡å»ø™®¾½Ž¡ç†æŽ¨è¿›å’Œå®žæ–½åŸŽå¸‚设计管理的路径和方式在我国至今½Iºç™½åQŒå¾½{‘类法律法规对城市设计的规定也未有涉­‘»I¼Œå› æ­¤æˆ‘国城市设计½Ž¡ç†äºŸéœ€å¼ºåŒ–与徏½{‘设计管理的å¯ÒŽŽ¥åQŒç‰¹åˆ«æ˜¯æœºæž„攚w©è‹¥å°†åŸŽå¸‚设计½Ž¡ç†å½’属到改¾l„后的住建部的“徏½{‘”与“工½E‹â€ç®¡ç†èŒƒç•´ä¹‹åŽã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">攄¡œ¼äºšæ´²åQŒéŸ©å›½çš„城市设计½Ž¡ç†åŒäؓ规划½Ž¡ç†å’Œå¾è®„¡®¡ç†çš„¾l„成内容åQŒè¿™æœ‰åˆ©äºŽçœŸæ­£å‘挥城市设计作为“规划—徏½{‘”间桥梁的上下衔接作用。韩国政府于1980òq?月颁布的《徏½{‘法》中åQŒç¬¬8条第2™åҎ˜Ž¼‹®è§„定了关于城市中心建筑的特别条例,且在11月该条目的修订中首次引入了城市设计的¾~–制标准。基于此åQŒéŸ©å›½çš„城市规划å…Ïx³¨åŸŽå¸‚整体åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计侧重具体场所的特性,建筑设计å…Ïx³¨ä¸ªåˆ«å»ºç­‘内容åQŒåŞ成了各有侧重和相互支持的城市å»ø™®¾æŒ‡å¯¼ä½“系。从国内来看åQ?009òq´å¤©‹z¥å…¬å¸ƒçš„《天‹z¥å¸‚规划建筑导则汇编》涵盖了规划½‹‡ï¼ˆå»ºç­‘特色、色彩、高度控制导则)、徏½{‘篇åQˆå¾½{‘顶部、高层徏½{‘玻璃幕墙、围墙设计控制导则)和设施篇åQˆè¡—道家兗÷€åº—招牌匾整修设计导则)åQŒè¿™æ˜¯æŽ¨åŠ¨åŸŽå¸‚设计与规划、徏½{‘实现整合指引的¿U¯æžž®è¯•ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 10px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0em; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(112, 48, 160);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">4.3ä¸ÖM½“定位åQšåŸŽå¸‚设计法制法规徏讄¡š„更新与推˜q?/strong></span></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">当前的全国性规范文件《城市设计管理办法》第五条规定åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计管理的ä¸Õd¯¼è€…仍是自上而下的各¾U§â€œåŸŽä¹¡è§„划政府”:国务院城乡规划主½Ž¡éƒ¨é—¨è´Ÿè´£æŒ‡å¯¼å’Œç›‘督全国城市设计工作åQ›çœã€è‡ªæ²ÕdŒºåŸŽä¹¡è§„划ä¸È®¡éƒ¨é—¨è´Ÿè´£æŒ‡å¯¼å’Œç›‘督本行政区域内城市设计工作;城市、县人民政府城乡规划ä¸È®¡éƒ¨é—¨è´Ÿè´£æœ¬è¡Œæ”¿åŒºåŸŸå†…城市设计的监督管理。若按此规定åQŒéšç€åŸŽä¹¡è§„划½Ž¡ç†èŒèƒ½˜qå…¥è‡ªç„¶èµ„源部,该办法确定的城市设计½Ž¡ç†ä¸ÖM½“可能不再可行åQŒè¿™ž®±å¸¦æ¥åŸŽå¸‚设计管理主体需要重新定位以及通过½Ž¡ç†åŠžæ³•æ›´æ–°ã€æŒ¾l­çš„城市设计法制法规å»ø™®¾æ¥å‡†¼‹®è®¾å®šåŸŽå¸‚设计管理工作内容及责ä“Qä¸ÖM½“的强烈诉求ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">值得注意的是åQŒç›¸æ¯”于相对½E›_®šçš„法律法规徏设来è¯ß_¼ŒæŠ€æœ¯æ€§è§„范、原则性意见或规定性程序等政策的制定,可以更加及时、灵‹zÕdƈ准确反映当前诉求åQŒå¯¹æ³•å¾‹æ³•è§„起到有效的空¾~ºå¡«è¡¥å’Œè§„则辅助½{‰ä½œç”¨ã€‚因此,我国城市设计½Ž¡ç†é¢†åŸŸåº”该鼓励国家和地方结合最新国家战略出台各¾cÀL”¿½{–导引,使设计管控目标与国家倡导达成一è‡ß_¼Œòq¶ç»™äºˆåœ°æ–ÒŽ”¿åºœæ›´å¤šè‡ªä¸Õd†³½{–、因地制宜的行政½Iºé—´ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 10px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0em; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(112, 48, 160);"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">4.4设计æ²È†åQšè¿ˆå‘多元参与的设计½Ž¡æŽ§¾l¼åˆä½“ç³»</strong></span></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">作äؓ提升城市½Iºé—´å“è´¨åŠä¿ƒ˜q›ç¤¾ä¼šç»‹¹Žè¿›æ­¥çš„重要工具åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计已¾lå‘展成为现代国家治理不可或¾~ºçš„¾l„成部分ã€?016òqß_¼Œä¼¦æ•¦å¤§å­¦ (UCL)巴特é›ïL‰¹å­¦é™¢å¡èŽ«¾UÏx•™æŽˆçŽ‡å…ˆæå‡ºâ€œè®¾è®¡æ²»ç†ï¼ˆDesign GovernanceåQ‰â€çš„新理念,倡导建立由政府、专家、投资者、市民等多元ä¸ÖM½“构成的行动与决策体系åQŒåˆ©ç”¨å„¿Uâ€œæ­£å¼â€ä¸Žâ€œéžæ­£å¼â€æ²»ç†å·¥å…äh¥æŽ¨è¿›åŸŽå¸‚设计˜qä½œ[13]。过去,以设计技术äh员äؓ核心åQŒä¾æ®æ”¿åºœè®¡åˆ’å’Œä»ÕdŠ¡å§”托对设计地ŒDµå¼€å±•â€œç²¾è‹±å¼â€è®¾è®¡ä»¥æœåŠ¡äºŽäh民的做法早已不适应新åŞ势的需要,随着市场¾læµŽçš„深入发展以及民ä¸ÀL„è¯†çš„觉醒åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计需要综合处理开发商、公众、政府、专业技术äh员及其他½W¬ä¸‰æ–¹ç­‰çš„利益诉求,òq‰™€šè¿‡½E‹åºç«‹æ³•ä¿éšœ˜q™äº›å¤šå…ƒè§’色参与设计控制环节的权利和途径åQŒä»Žè€Œå°†åŸŽå¸‚设计发展成äؓ全社会参与的æ²È†å·¥å…·åQŒå®žçŽ°è®¾è®¡è¿‡½E‹çš„共治å…׃ínã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">虽然我国˜q˜æ²¡æœ‰é€šè¿‡åŸŽå¸‚设计法制化徏设,以确保公众和各类非政府组¾l‡ç­‰å‚与设计æ²È†çš„合法性与必要性,但目前已有很多地æ–ÒŽ”¿åºœå¼€å§‹ç€æ‰‹å°è¯•å¼•å…¥æ›´å¤šæ²»ç†ä¸»ä½“的城市设计½Ž¡æŽ§æ–¹å¼åQŒå¦‚òq¿å·žã€åŒ—京等地逐步建立了“地åŒø™´£ä»ÕdŸŽå¸‚设计师/城市规划师”制度[14-15]åQŒé€šè¿‡å‘体制外聘请设计专家来协助地方的设计审查、方案咨询、过½E‹åè°ƒç­‰å·¥ä½œåQ›åˆå¦‚上‹¹ïLš„“缤¾UïL¤¾åŒºâ€ã€å¹¿å·žçš„“微攚w€ â€ç­‰è¯¸å¤šæ›´æ–°‹zÕdŠ¨éƒ½åœ¨å€ŸåŠ©è‡ªä¸‹è€Œä¸Šçš„社åŒø™¥é€ ï¼Œæ¥ç»„¾l‡ã€åŸ¹è‚²å’Œå¼•å¯¼å…¬ä¼—参与åQŒåƈ不断拓宽和保障社会参与空间设计的途径和渠道ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135¾~–辑å™? data-id="38806" data-color="#5c307d" data-custom="#5c307d" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 10px 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-bottom-width: 4px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-bottom-color: rgb(92, 48, 125);"><section data-bcless="darken" style="margin: 0px 0px -5px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-bottom-width: 8px; border-bottom-style: solid; border-color: rgb(38, 20, 51); font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; display: inline-block; color: inherit;"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; border-color: rgb(92, 48, 125); color: rgb(92, 48, 125); font-size: 18px; line-height: 1.5em; background-color: rgb(254, 254, 254); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong class="" data-brushtype="text" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-color: rgb(92, 48, 125); color: inherit;">5 ¾l“语åQšé€šè¿‡™å¶å±‚设计明确城市设计½Ž¡ç†çš„未来发å±?/strong></p></section></section></section></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; text-indent: 2em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">¾lég¸Šæ‰€˜qŽÍ¼Œæœ¬æ¬¡æ”¿åºœæœºæž„攚w©å¸¦ç»™åŸŽå¸‚设计½Ž¡ç†çš„媄响明显而又深刻åQŒç”šè‡³ä»Žæ ÒŽœ¬ä¸Šæ”¹å˜æˆ–动摇了我国近40òq´æ¥å‘展形成的关于城市设计管控的一些基本认识及其城市设计融入城乡规划管理等正式和非正式机制。因此,¾l“合我国城市设计制度å»ø™®¾é•¿æœŸå­˜åœ¨çš„法律法规不完备、政½{–导引匮乏、与å»ø™®¾½Ž¡ç†å¯ÒŽŽ¥ä¸èƒö、制度创新无保障、多元角色缺ž®‘参与和无法有效发挥作用½{‰å›°æ‰ŽÍ¼Œæˆ‘国的城市设计应该借助机构攚w©å¥‘机åQŒé€šè¿‡å……分的“顶层设计”真正明¼‹®åŸŽå¸‚设计的职责作用、管理主体和实施方式½{‰ï¼Œä»¥å®žçŽ°åŸŽå¸‚设计管理的强制性制åº?/span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">变迁[16]。这¿Uåˆ¶åº¦å˜˜qåº”该突出和强化城市设计作äؓ城乡规划与徏½{‘设计之间桥梁的本质作用åQŒç‘ô¾l­ä¿æŒåŸŽå¸‚设计与城乡规划½Ž¡ç†çš„紧密联¾p»ï¼Œòq¶å¢žå¼ºå…¶ä¸Žå¾½{‘设计和å»ø™®¾½Ž¡ç†çš„有效衔接,以顺应城市设计管理可能归属住建部的“徏½{‘”与“工½E‹â€ç®¡ç†çš„变革定位ã€?/span><img class="rich_pages" data-copyright="0" data-ratio="1" data-s="300,640" data-src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/p3ZgGMnSO5cLwPazhI8Zk74pm0a59PWBiaIXNrRFs7Kib5LEWvukjT968hfBqGTmINmSSpoibETAniclyEs3p9zXsw/640?wx_fmt=jpeg" data-type="jpeg" data-w="1280" _width="20px" src="https://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_jpg/p3ZgGMnSO5cLwPazhI8Zk74pm0a59PWBiaIXNrRFs7Kib5LEWvukjT968hfBqGTmINmSSpoibETAniclyEs3p9zXsw/640?wx_fmt=jpeg&tp=webp&wxfrom=5&wx_lazy=1&wx_co=1" crossorigin="anonymous" data-fail="0" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; height: auto !important; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center; width: 20px !important; visibility: visible !important;"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">注释</strong></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">1 2018òq?æœ?8日党的十九届三中全会通过《深化党和国家机构改革方案》,2018òq?月印发ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">2 伴随城市设计内涵和外延的不断拓展åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计已不再仅承担简单的桥梁作用åQŒåŸŽå¸‚设计教育与生态、环境、经‹¹Žç­‰æ›´å¤šå­¦ç§‘领域不断˜q›è¡Œç€äº¤å‰å’Œæ¸—透ã€?/p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><strong style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">参考文çŒ?/strong></p><p><section class="" data-tools="135¾~–辑å™? data-id="72469" data-color="#f5f5f4" data-custom="#f5f5f4" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 25.6px; white-space: normal; widows: 1; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-width="100%" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; height: 300px; width: 539px; display: inline-block; color: inherit;"><section style="margin: 0px; padding: 10px 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(123, 123, 111); border-color: rgb(169, 169, 169); background: rgb(245, 245, 244);"><section data-autoskip="1" class="" data-style="clear: none; margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; line-height: 1.5em; text-align: left; color: inherit; border-color: rgb(239, 112, 96);" style="margin: 0px; padding: 15px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: inherit; border-color: rgb(245, 245, 244);"><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: none; min-height: 1em; 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Mind the gap[J]. The Planner, 1988, 74(3): 11-15.</p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: none; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.5em; color: inherit; border-color: rgb(245, 245, 244); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">[2] Richard T. Law in urban design and planning: The invisible web[M]. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1988.</p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: none; min-height: 1em; line-height: 1.5em; color: inherit; border-color: rgb(245, 245, 244); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">[3] George R V. A procedural explanation for contemporary urban design [J]. 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